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AOP14 — Remote Tower Services

The remote tower concept enables air traffic control services (ATS) and aerodrome flight information services (AFIS) to be provided at aerodromes where such services are either currently unavailable, or where it is difficult or too expensive to implement and staff a conventional manned facility.

This Objective proposes to remotely provide ATC services and AFIS for one aerodrome handling low to medium traffic volumes or two low-density aerodromes (simultaneous by one operator), typically with traffic schedules comprising single movements, rarely exceeding two simultaneous movements per aerodrome. The basic configuration, which does not include augmentation features, is considered suitable for ATC and AFIS provision at low density airfields. However, the level and flexibility of service provision can be enhanced through the use of augmentation technology, such as an ATC surveillance display, surveillance and visual tracking, infra-red cameras etc.

This Objective also covers the possibility to apply the remote tower concept as a contingency solution in facility known as Remote Contingency Tower (RCT). This solution can be used when the local tower is not available and services need to be provided from a back-up location. The target environment for the majority of RCTs will be medium density aerodromes that are economically important.

NOTE 1: Being a Local objective, to be applied at individual States or ATC Unit level, to achieve their performance targets the objective does not have a mandatory implementation deadline. As indicative guidance, the FOC of the OI Steps on which all the three SESAR Solutions (#12; #13, #52; #71) are based are 31/12/2024 for SDM-0201 and 15/11/2023 for SDM-0205.

NOTE 2: This objective is linked to SESAR Solutions #12, #13, #71, and #52.

NOTE FOR MILITARY AUTHORITIES: It is the responsibility of each military authority to review this Objective IN ITS ENTIRETY and address each of the SLoAs that the military authority considers RELEVANT for itself. This has to be done on top and above of the review of "MIL" SLoAs which identify actions EXCLUSIVE to military authorities.

Edition
2019
Stakeholders
Regulator / Air Navigation Service Provider / Airport Operator
Type
SESAR
Scope
Local/Airport
Status
Active

Context

Related Elements

Applicability Area(s) and Timescales

Applicability Area:
(Low to medium complexity aerodromes, subject to local needs)
Timescales From By Applicable to

Links to SESAR Solutions

Links to PCP ATM Sub-Functionalities

ICAO Block Modules: No associated data

References

Applicable legislation
None
Applicable ICAO Annexes and other references
None
Deployment Programme 2019
Operating Environments
Airport

Expected Performance Benefits

Safety
-
Capacity
-
Operational efficiency
Improve the uniformity of service provision at low to medium density and remote aerodromes and increase the availability of the service (for example allowing ATS to be provided at an aerodrome which previously was unable to financially support a service).
Cost efficiency
Cost reduction for ATS by optimisation of ATCOs. Remote ATS facilities will be cheaper to maintain, able to operate for longer periods and enable lower staffing costs. It will also significantly reduce the requirement to maintain tower buildings and infrastructure. Cost benefits of RCT due to customer retention and reduced economic loss during contingency events.
Environment
-
Security
-
  Code Title From By Related Enablers
 
REG01 Supervise compliance with regulatory provisions
 
ASP01 Develop, and deliver as necessary, a safety assessment of the changes imposed by the implementation of remote tower
 
ASP02 Define and implement system improvements allowing for the implementation of remote tower
 
ASP03 Define and implement procedures and processes in support of network and local dimension imposed by the implementation of remote tower
 
ASP04 Train all operational and technical personnel concerned
 
ASP05 Implement remotely provided air traffic service for contingency situations
 
APO01 Define and implement local airport procedures and processes for the implementation of remote tower concept
 
APO02 Train all applicable personnel
Code Dates
 
1999 99
2000 00
2001 01
2002 02
2003 03
2004 04
2005 05
2006 06
2007 07
2008 08
2009 09
2010 10
2011 11
2012 12
2013 13
2014 14
2015 15
2016 16
2017 17
2018 18
2019 19
2020 20
2021 21
2022 22
2023 23
2024 24
2025 25
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
AOP14
REG01
ASP01
ASP02
ASP03
ASP04
ASP05
APO01
APO02

Supporting Material

Title Related SLoAs

EASA - ED Decision 2015/014/R - ED Decision 2015/014/R adopting Guidance Material on the implementation of the remote tower concept for single mode of operation

http://www.easa.europa.eu/document-library/agency-decisions/ed-decision-2015014r

APO01, APO02, ASP01, ASP02, ASP03, ASP04, REG01

EASA - ED Decision 2015/015/R - ED Decision 2015/015/R - Requirements on Air Traffic Controller licensing regarding remote tower operations and Annexes

http://www.easa.europa.eu/document-library/agency-decisions/ed-decision-2015015r

ASP04, REG01

EASA - Guidance Material on the implementation of the remote tower concept for single mode of operation - Issue 1

http://www.easa.europa.eu/system/files/dfu/Annex%20to%20ED%20Decision%202015-014-R.pdf

APO01, APO02, ASP01, ASP02, ASP03, ASP04, REG01

EC - COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) 2017/373 - (OJ L 62, 8.03.2017, p. 1) - COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) 2017/373 of 1 March 2017 laying down common requirements for providers of air traffic management/air navigation services and other air traffic management network functions and their oversight, repealing Regulation (EC) No 482/2008, Implementing Regulations (EU) No 1034/2011, (EU) No 1035/2011 and (EU) 2016/1377 and amending Regulation (EU) No 677/2011 03/2017

https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32017R0373&from=EN

ASP01

EUROCONTROL - Air Navigation Systems Safety Assessment Methodology (SAM) - Version 2.1 / 11/2006

https://www.eurocontrol.int/tool/safety-assessment-methodology

ASP01

SJU - SESAR Solution 12: Data Pack for Single Remote Tower operations for medium traffic volumes

https://www.sesarju.eu/sesar-solutions/single-remote-tower-operations-medium-traffic-volumes

APO01, APO02, ASP01, ASP02, ASP03, ASP04, REG01

SJU - SESAR Solution 13: Data Pack for Remotely provided air traffic service for contingency situations at aerodromes

https://www.sesarju.eu/sesar-solutions/remotely-provided-air-traffic-service-contingency-situations-aerodromes

APO01, APO02, ASP05

SJU - SESAR Solution 52: Data Pack for Remote Tower for two low density aerodromes

https://www.sesarju.eu/sesar-solutions/remote-tower-two-low-density-aerodromes

APO01, APO02, ASP01, ASP02, ASP03, ASP04, REG01

SJU - SESAR Solution 71: Data Pack for ATC and AFIS service in a single low density aerodrome from a remote CWP - Single Airport Remote Tower

https://www.sesarju.eu/sesar-solutions/atc-and-afis-service-single-low-density-aerodrome-remote-cwp

APO01, APO02, ASP01, ASP02, ASP03, ASP04, REG01

Consultation & Approval

Working Arrangement in charge
Airport Operations Team (AOT)
Outline description approved in
Latest objective review at expert level
05/2018
Commitment Decision Body
Provisional Council (PC)
Objective approved/endorsed in
09/2017
Latest change to objective approved/endorsed in